Dark Circles

Dark Circles


  • Dark Circles: What causes them?
  • Medical Treatments
  • Bottomline

Dark circles are common nowadays and can happen to anyone. More screen usage has increased eye strain causing dark circles. Lack of sleep and stress is a major cause of dark circles. But having dark circles from a young age is no fun! Thanks to some magically-working home ingredients that can help you get rid of dark circles. But, remember you need to be patient with the results. Results won’t appear right after the application, you need to be consistent.

But, do you know what really causes dark circles? It is much more than a lack of sleep or stress. This article covers the common causes of dark circles, some effective home remedies, and medical treatments for those looking for a permanent solution. Keep reading further to know more.

Dark Circles: What causes them?
In this fast-paced lifestyle, more usage of screens is a big reason for causing dark circles. From shopping, bill-payments, to education- everything is done online. Insomnia, stress, depression, and more can be the other reasons. Apart from this, there are so many possible reasons. Let’s unleash them one by one.

Ageing is the most common reason for dark circles beneath the eyes. Your skin is likely to lose its elasticity as you get older. The fats and collagen start decreasing while causing the blood vessels to look more noticeable. The more visible your blood vessels are, the darker the area looks.

Sleeping is extremely important but oversleeping or fatigue can make your skin look dull and paler. Also, change your poor sleeping habits and avoid staying up past bedtime.

Both oversleeping and lack of sleep can lead to dark circles, puffiness, and dull-looking skin. Creating a balance is essential.

Working on computer screens, and long hours of watching TV can cause strain on your eyes. This strain enlarges the blood vessels causing darker skin around the eyes.

Dehydration is a common cause of dark circles. Your eyes
start looking dull and depressed if your eyes are not hydrated. Drinking enough water helps you remain hydrated all the time.

Your immune system produces histamines- chemicals that hustle the allergens out of your body or the skin. These chemicals can make you sneeze, tear up, or itch – whatever it takes to get the job done. Histamines can eventually broaden your blood vessels and make them visible. Thus, rubbing and scratching the skin can cause inflammation and swelling. It often causes dark circles around the eyes.

Sun Exposure
Too much sun exposure can release melanin, causing pigmentation around your eyes.

Dark circles can be hereditary as well. It can be an inherited trait from one of the family members.

Anaemia can be caused due to iron deficiency in the body. When your red blood cells are lower than required, you might start feeling tired, weak, or dizzy. Start consuming iron-rich foods that help in reducing the deficit.

Home Remedies to reduce dark circles
Treatment usually depends on the underlying cause of dark circles. However, you can reduce the appearance of dark circles with some inexpensive and worth-trying remedies.
Here are some of the home remedies one should try:

Cold Compress
Applying a cold compress may help to reduce puffiness and constrict the blood vessels to lessen the appearance of dark circles. Wrap a few ice cubes in a clean cloth and apply it to your eyes. Nowadays, the caffeine present in coffee is also proven to reduce the morning puffiness around your eyes. Ice cubes infused with coffee are a blessing for reducing dark circles.

Get enough sleep
Insomnia may cause your skin to look pale, making the dark circles more observable. Get 8 hours of complete sleep, change your poor sleeping habits and start noticing the difference.

Remain hydrated
Do not forget to drink plenty of water to make you fresh and energetic. Consume water-rich foods, and drink fresh juices while increasing your fluid intake.

Avoid alcohol and stop smoking
Smoking and drinking will speed up your ageing process. More consumption will increase dark circles.

Tea bags
Tea bags contain caffeine that helps in reducing dark circles and puffiness around the eyes. Caffeine contains antioxidant properties which stimulate blood circulation and give a cooling effect to the eyes.

Boil tea bags and let them cool properly in a refrigerator. Once cooled, apply it to the eyes for 15-20 minutes.

Under Eye creams
Nowadays, so many popular brands have come up with under-eye creams with proven results. They might help reduce hyperpigmentation and lessen the appearance.

Concealers work wonders in hiding dark circles. But, these are temporary solutions that might work for a few hours. Avoid using concealers that might irritate the eyes.

Medical Treatments
With home remedies, you need to be patient and consistent as results might not appear instantly. So, if your dark circles are bothering you and you are looking for a permanent solution; let’s look at these medical treatments. Some medical treatments can reduce the appearance of dark circles, which may include:

Chemical Peels
Chemical peels are more often used to enhance the appearance or feel of the skin and reduce hyperpigmentation under the eyes. In this procedure, certain chemical solutions are applied to the treatment area. This solution exfoliates the skin and peels off as a result. The new skin lying beneath is smoother and wrinkle-free. It is a cosmetic procedure that is usually applied to the hands, face, and neck. Thus, chemical peels are effective for removing damaged skin cells, eventually uncovering healthier skin beneath.

There are 3 types of chemical peels:
Superficial peels: In this procedure, mild acids like alpha-hydroxy acid are used to gently exfoliate the skin which penetrates the outermost layer of skin.
Medium peels: In this procedure, trichloroacetic or glycolic acid is used to penetrate the middle and outermost layer of the skin. Medium peels are more effective as they remove more damaged skin cells.
Deep peels: This procedure uses phenol or trichloroacetic acid to remove damaged or dead skin cells and fully penetrates the middle layer.

Laser Treatment
Laser skin resurfacing uses lasers to improve the texture and appearance of the skin under the eyes. According to your requirements, the doctor will recommend either ablative or non-ablative lasers. Non-ablative lasers such as pulsed light and pulsed dye are less invasive and have a lesser risk of scarring. Fractional CO2 and Q Switch Lasers give a good result in removing dark pigmentation too.

Tissue Fillers
Fillers are an ideal choice for people whose dark circles are caused by skin thinning or collagen loss. In this procedure, platelet-rich plasma or hyaluronic acid gel is injected under the eyes to reduce the appearance of dark circles. Tissue fillers help to conceal blood vessels and melanin that are responsible to cause skin discolouration beneath the eyes. Facial fillers are used to rejuvenate the facial fullness that is lost with age. Commonly used fillers include:

  • Hyaluronic acid (HA)
  • Calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA)
  • Poly-L-lactic acid
  • Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)

Usually, the fillers are absorbable, making the results last for a couple of years or even months. We use the latest Hyaluronic Acid Fillers only at Luxor hospital.

Autologous fat injections (fat grafting)
This is a minimally invasive surgical option wherein your own fats are liposucked (from tummy /thighs etc), processed into a gel-based fat injection and injected as a filler into your tear trough region. These take care of dark circles and under-eye hollows the best and last very very long too!

Lower eyelid surgery, also known as blepharoplasty, is used to correct loose skin, excess fat deposits, and wrinkles in the lower eye area.
As you get older, your skin naturally loses elasticity and fat filling. This makes the lower eyelid appear puffed, wrinkled, and baggy. Thus, blepharoplasty can make the under eye smoother, creating a more youthful look.

Skin Lightening Creams
Doctors may suggest some topical creams to reduce hyperpigmentation around the skin. These are bleaching creams that contain azelaic acid, kojic acid, glycolic acid, or hydroquinone.

Medical Tattoos
Medical Tattooing is more like permanent makeup under the eyes. It is also known as cosmetic tattooing, permanent concealer, or micro pigmentation which helps to cover skin imperfections. It is a relatively newer procedure that uses tattooing and looks like you’re wearing makeup 24*7. This procedure involves tiny needles to add pigment to the skin. A special cosmetic tattoo gun is used to apply the pigment.

Carboxytherapy is a procedure used to treat cellulite, dark under-eye circles, and stretch marks. Carboxytherapy is effective in improving blood circulation, and skin elasticity, and reducing fine lines and wrinkles. Along with this, it also helps to repair collagen and destroy fatty deposits.

Dark circles can concern people of any age and ethnicity for multiple reasons. Genetics, aging, and lifestyle factors all play a role in the development of dark circles. People may even discover that allergies, nutrient deficiencies, or underlying health conditions can induce dark circles.

Home remedies can help to treat dark circles. However, maintaining a healthy lifestyle with good sleeping habits, a healthy and balanced diet, along with staying hydrated can help lessen the appearance. Also, if you’re concerned about your appearance, you might consult a specialist for treating dark circles thoroughly.

Are you looking for an effective solution for removing dark circles? Luxor Hospital is based in Vadodara and offers risk-free cosmetic procedures for your specific needs. Luxor hospital is an exclusive state of art hospital run by Board Certified Plastic, Cosmetic, and Hair Transplant Surgeon Dr Saumya Nayak. For further details, call or WhatsApp Luxor Hospital at +91 79907 10731.

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November 1, 2022

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